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4. Pressures

The most important pressures in the coastal zone of Bulgaria include urbanization (including tourist infrastructures), industry, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and transport.


Assessment of environmental pressures

Component Info Environmental pressure Socio-economic benefits
High Signi- ficant Mod- erate Low Few/ none Some Signi- ficant High
Urbanization Impact of urbanization (expansion of build up areas, incl. tourist infrastructure) on coastal ecosystems Recent trend: Not available Recent trend: Not available
Industry (incl. ports) Impacts of industry (incl. ports) on coastal ecosystems Recent trend: Not available Recent trend: Not available
Agriculture Impacts of agriculture on coastal ecosystems (eutrophication, pesticides, loss of natural habitats, etc.) Recent trend: Not available Recent trend: Not available
Fisheries Impacts of fishing activities on the coastal environment (more specifically the marine zone) Recent trend: Not available Recent trend: Unclear
Forestry Impacts of forestry on ecosystems in the coastal zone (e.g. exotic species plantation, erosion, illegal logging and destruction of old growth forests). Recent trend: Not available Recent trend: Not available
Transport Impacts of transport (infrastructure, roads, traffic) on ecosystems in the coastal zone Recent trend: Not available Recent trend: Not available
Legend
Grades environmental pressure  High  Significant  Moderate  Low
Grades socio-economic benefits  Few/ none  Some  Significant  High
Recent trends  Improving  Stable  Declining  Unclear  Not available