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6. Pressures

A total of 6 sectors have been assessed at the workshop for their impact on the environment, and their socio-economic benefits.


Assessment of environmental pressures and socio-economic benefits

Component Info Environmental pressure Socio-economic benefits
High Signi- ficant Mod- erate Low Few/ none Some Signi- ficant High
Fisheries Impacts of fishing, trawling etc on harvest on population size and structure, impacts on non-target species, impacts on habitat. Socio-economic benefits: employment, food security, revenues from fish export. Recent trend: Declining Recent trend: Stable
Shipping Impacts of shipping on the marine environment through pollution, noise, anchoring, etc. Socio-economic benefits of shipping: employment, import/export. Recent trend: Declining Recent trend: Improving
Ports Impacts of ports on the marine environment: pollution, dredging maintenance, harbour walls and associated physical changes etc. Socio-economic benefits: employment, connection to overseas markets, import/export. Recent trend: Declining Recent trend: Improving
Submarine cables & pipelines Impacts of submarine cables and pipelines (incl. their construction) on the marine environment, e.g. disturbance of the seabed. Socio-economic benefits: telecommunication, transport of oil and gas. Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Unclear
Offshore hydrocarbon industries Impacts of offshore hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation on the marine environment (e.g.drilling fluids, leakages, processed water etc.). Socio-economic benefits: employment, revenues from oil and gas export. Recent trend: Declining Recent trend: Stable
Tourism & recreation Impacts of tourism and recreation on the marine environment (e.g. destruction of habitats for marinas, hotels, disturbance of sensitive fauna by recreation etc.). Socio-economic benefits: employment, revenues from tourism. Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Improving
Legend
Grades environmental pressure  High  Significant  Moderate  Low
Grades socio-economic benefits  Few/ none  Some  Significant  High
Recent trends  Improving  Stable  Declining  Unclear  Not available