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8. Pressures - Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts

 

There are several factors that affect the coastal environment of Sierra Leone (Tab. 8.1). Seven different pressures were assessed during the workshop. How they impact the condition of the marine environment, and their socio-environmental impacts (Fig. 8.1).

Table 8.1: Significance of factors affecting the coastal environment of Sierra Leone

 Issue  Significance  Remarks

 

Manufacturing industries

Recreation and tourism

Fishing Industry

Development of urban settlements

Harbour infrastructure

Transport

Road infrastructure

Climate change vulnerability

Agriculture

Oil and gas exploration

 

Moderately high

High

High

Moderately high

High

 

 

High

 

 

 WHO standards

GCLME reports

NBSAP reports

Fisheries reports

 

 

 

 

IPCC 5th assessment

 

 

 


Assessment of environmental pressures and socio-economic benefits

Composante Info Pression sur l'environnement Avantages socio-économiques
Élevé Signi- ficatif Mod- éré Faible Peu/ aucun Quelques-uns Signi- ficatif Élevé
Artisanal fisheries Environmental pressures: Impacts of line-fishing, trawling etc on harvest on population size and structure, impacts on non-target species, impacts on habitat, Socio-economic benefits: Communities dependent on fisheries, taxes, employment Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Stable
Industrial fisheries Environmental pressures: Impacts of live-fish fishing, trawling etc on harvest on population size and structure, impacts on non-target species, impacts on habitat, Socio-economic benefits: Communities dependent on fisheries, taxes, employment Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Stable
Shipping Environmental pressures: Pests and results of shipwrecks, Socio-economic benefits: Communities, taxes and employment Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Improving
Ports and harbour infrastructure Environmental pressures: Land development, dredging and pollution, Socio-economic benefits: Communities, employment taxes, communications and access to goods Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Improving
Submarine cables and pipelines Environmental pressures: - , Socio-economic benefits: Communications, phone access, power, oil and gas supply Recent trend: Unclear Recent trend: Unclear
Offshore mining industries Environmental pressures: Includes sand and gravel aggregate extraction; offshore diamonds?, Socio-economic benefits: Communities, employment, taxes Recent trend: Stable Recent trend: Declining
Other pressures Environmental pressures: Loss of habitat, slope stability and protection, biodiversity, low water quality, hazardous chemicals, ore spills, Socio-economic benefits: Reduction of access to natural resources by local peoples, displacement of IPs, loss of ancestral domain Recent trend: Declining Recent trend: Declining
Legend
Niveaux de pression environementale  Élevé  Significatif  Modéré  Faible
Niveaux des avantages socio-économiques  Peu/ aucun  Quelques-uns  Significatif  Élevé
Tendances récentes  Amélioration  Stable  En déclin  Peu clair  Non disponible